Free Canadian Work Visa, Scholarships | How To Apply For a Work Permit in Canada
Canadian work permits are temporary resident visas issued to foreign workers by Citizenship and Immigration in Canada. They are used to grant permission to work for foreign workers who have a job offer in Canada. Work permits are strctly issued for one year, but this can depend on the type of permit issued and the duration of the work assignment or project. It may also be affected by the passport validity of the foreign worker.
Moreover, Work permits are necessary for every province and territory in Canada, and additional permissions may be required for workers seeking employment in Quebec. Some exemptions exist in which these foreign workers would not have to obtain a work permit, but most standard jobs will require them.
Work permits can lead to permanent resident status as long as employment is skilled. Foreign workers seeking employment in Canada may also need to obtain an entry visa depending on where they currently live.
Although, you don’t have to have a job offer in order to apply to be a part of the Express Entry system.
So if that’s the case, you do have to register with Employment and Social Development Canada’s job bank so you can be connected to a Canadian employer. They don’t need a job offer in order to work in Canada.
Furthermore, Processing times for work permits can vary greatly depending on where they are submitted and the type of application. Applications submitted inside of Canada (extensions to already issued work permits) usually take about 38 days for a paper application and about 25 days for an online application, as of August 2014.
With certain exceptions, before a work permit can be applied for by a foreign worker, the Canadian employer making the job offer must obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from the federal human resources authorities. The purpose of the LMIA process is to demonstrate that there is no Canadian worker available for the employment position before the company hires a foreign worker, thereby protecting the Canadian labor market.
Before an LMIA is applied for, the Canadian employer must advertise the position for a month to see if any Canadians are available to take the position. If the employer cannot find a Canadian, then the LMIA can be applied for. The human resources authorities typically take about two months to process an LMIA request once it is received. So between advertising and the LMIA process, there are about three months of processing.